What to do to treat ringing in the ears

What to do to treat ringing in the ears

Treatment for ringing in the ears depends on the cause and may include simple measures such as removal of wax that may be clogging the ear, use of antibiotics to treat the infection or the use of a hearing aid.

However, in most cases, it is necessary to perform therapy that involves sound therapy, use of anxiolytic drugs or antidepressants, as well as the treatment of causes that may be triggering this problem such as hormonal alterations, high blood pressure, diabetes or use of certain medications, for example. In addition to this, alternative therapies such as acupuncture or relaxation techniques can be very useful in some cases.

Despite the various causes, most of the time, the buzzing is caused by hearing loss, caused both by exposure to very loud sounds or even by aging itself, which is why it is more common in the elderly. More information about the causes in Ringing in the ear.

So some of the most commonly used treatments to treat ringing in the ears are:

Medication

There is no single medication that can cure ringing in the ears, however, some can be used as forms of treatment or, at least, to relieve symptoms. Some options are:

Anxiolytics or antidepressants, for example, Lorazepam or Sertraline, to alleviate the symptoms of anxiety and depression, being able to improve the quality of your sleep, etc.;

Vasodilators, which act by dilating the vessels of the ear such as Betahistine or Cinnarizine, may be useful in some situations, such as vertigo or spasm of the cerebral blood vessels.

These medications should be prescribed by a doctor and, preferably, should be used for a limited period of time, until the symptoms go away.

Persons with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension or hyperthyroidism, for example, should be treated according to a doctor’s recommendations.

Some medications can trigger the buzzing, and if they are being used by a person with this problem, you should talk to a doctor. Some examples are ASA, anti-inflammatories, chemotherapy, some antibiotics, and diuretics.

Hearing aid

People who complain of ringing in the ears also have considerable hearing loss, the use of hearing aids will help them to better identify external sounds, thus minimizing the effect of ringing in the ears, which is an internal sound.

Sound therapy

The use of sounds in the environment to diminish the perception of humming or buzzing. It includes listening to white noises, music or sounds of nature, for example, always with the aim of avoiding silence and reducing the buzzing sound in your ears.

Currently, there are specific devices of different sizes and prices that can emit noise and can be useful in many cases indicated under the guidance of an ENT and an audiologist.

Behavioral Therapy

Behavioral therapy consists of sound techniques and workouts that stimulate ways of “ignoring” the ringing, which can be individual or in groups. It will help the person to set new goals for when the buzz comes up and is difficult to ignore.

Changes in diet

Eating foods can trigger or worsen the buzz, and for there to be an effective therapy, it is necessary to avoid the consumption of sugary foods, caffeine, alcohol, artificial sweeteners such as aspartame, and it is recommended to give up cigarettes.

And in cases where the cause of the buzz is hypertension, you should control the intake of salt, sausages and canned food to maintain and avoid a hypertensive crisis.

Dental treatments

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is one of the causes of tinnitus, so it is recommended that for people with this type of alteration go to the dentist to perform dental treatment that involves the placement of a rigid plate that covers the teeth. This works well with physiotherapy and postural reeducation exercises.

Alternative therapies

Some of the therapies that can contribute to the treatment of tinnitus are:

  • Acupuncture: Acupuncturists state that, in order to treat the ringing in the ear, it is fundamental to evaluate the neck and the cervical spine of the individual since, often, the problem is not in the ear itself, but in poor blood circulation throughout this region;
  • Relaxation techniques: can be useful to improve sleep pattern, decrease anxiety and decrease tension in the muscles of the head and neck;
  • Music therapy: scholars affirm that the development of musical treatments compatible with the musical taste of each person can help to diminish the sensation of the sound, being able to alleviate the perception of uncomfortable ringing or irritation.

In addition to this, therapies known to relieve stress such as yoga and meditation, for example, may be relevant, since stress and anxiety are triggers for tinnitus.

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