Types of Sweater Materials

Choosing the proper type of fabric when buying a sweater is very important. The type of sweater material (also known as sweater knit) that you choose can make or break your style and comfort.

Types of Sweater Materials 1

For example, if the material used to make the sweater is too light then you’ll be cold. On the other hand, if the sweater’s fabric is too thick then you’ll be hot and sweaty.

Different types of sweaters use different kinds of fabric but it’s always best to go with natural fibers instead of synthetic ones. Natural fibers look better, feel better, and last longer.

Of course, sweaters made of natural fibers cost more than those made of synthetic (nylon, polyester, rayon, etc.) but think of it as an investment that keeps on giving back. Here are the different types of sweater materials.


Wool, more specifically, sheep wool is the most common fabric used for making sweaters. There are varying grades of wool which directly influences the softness and warmth of the sweater.

Merino, Shetland, and Lambswool are the most common types of wool. Merino offers the softest of sweaters. Lambswool is a close second followed by Shetland. Most sweaters that are itchy are made of coarse wool. More than likely Shetland.


One of the most expensive sweater material doesn’t come from a sheep. Instead, cashmere comes from a goat. It is made from the soft undercoat of cashmere goats It is a luxury material in the sweater knitting world. Cashmere is notably soft, lightweight, and warm.

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After wool, cotton is the next most common type of material used to make sweaters. Cotton, despite being soft and lightweight, is durable and cool. Given its lightweight attributes it is best to wear cotton sweaters in spring or summer when the night’s get chilly.


100% silk sweaters are not common. Instead adding silk to the sweater knit adds extra insulation. Silk is soft yet durable and it retains heat (hence the insulation).


Linen is light, it’s breathable, and it helps to keep you cool. It’s a great choice for warm weather. The only possible drawback is that linen wrinkles easily.

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