There are so many different types of guppies that I just can’t help but try to name them all for you! I’ll take you through the different guppy types by their species, colors, patterns, and tail types. Oh, you can buy these at different online fish stores too!

Guppy Species

There are three main species of guppies. They are:

  • Micropoecilia picta
  • Poecilia reticulata
  • Poecilia wingei

Micropoecilia Picta

These species of guppy go by many names. So you might know them as scarlet livebearer, swamp guppy, or the painted guppy.

They live in the mildly brackish water marshes, swamps, drainage ditches, and canals of their range where they primarily feed on mosquito larvae, small crustaceans, algae, and plant foods.

Micropoecilia Picta in a fish tank.

Poecilia Reticulata

These types of guppies are the most popular. They are also called fancy guppies, rainbow fish, or million fish.

The guppy, also known as millionfish and rainbow fish, is one of the world’s most widely distributed tropical fish, and one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species. It is a member of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the family, is live-bearing.

Poecilia reticulata – Wikipedia

Did you know: Guppies have been deliberately set free in Asian waters to fight the spread of malaria. It’s a smart and effective tactic!

Poecilia Wingei

The rarest guppy types are the Poecilia wingei species. They were first discovered in 1937 in the South American country, Venezuela.

Poecilia wingei, known to aquarists as Endlers or Endler’s livebearer, in the genus Poecilia, is a small fish native to the Paria Peninsula in Venezuela. They are proficient breeders and often hybridize with guppies.

Poecilia wingei – Wikipedia

Did you know: There are so many different types of guppies that it’s difficult to list them all, and breeders are constantly working to create new varieties all the time.

Guppies get along well with other fish so they can share a tank with other non-violent marine animals. Though, I’m not sure if I’d throw them in a tank with my pet octopus.

Types of Guppies

Let’s get down to all the beautiful and eye-catching colors of the different types of guppies. This is mainly a picture guide with a few videos and some descriptions.

Black Guppy

Black guppies are mostly black in color. However, the larger the guppy fish, the more there’s a chance that there’d be some color variation. For example, in the tail or closer to the head. Overall, though, the main color is black.

Black guppies swimming around in an aquarium.

Blue Guppy

From sky blue to dark blue, blue guppies stand out with their varying tints of blue highlights.

Blue guppies swimming in a fish tank.

Green Guppy

Green guppies are a rare color of guppy and, when you do come by a green guppy, the price is usually on the expensive end.

Green cobra guppies in an aquarium.

Purple Guppy

The purple body guppy has at least part of the body purple as well as the fins and the tails.

Purple Moscow guppies in a tank.

Red Guppy

Red guppies come in varying shades of red. From red tail to red-gold to albino, the red guppy is truly beautiful in all its variations.

High Dorsal Albıno Full Red Guppies.

Yellow Guppy

Another rare color for guppies is yellow. So, if you do see a yellow guppy then you are one of the lucky few.

Albino Guppy

Albino guppies are all white or devoid of color. However, they can have slight tints of other colors on parts of the body. There are also albino guppies that are all red or yellow. Some people call them red eye guppies because their eyes are normally red.

Albino Guppies Full Platinum White Pair.

Cobra Guppy

Cobra guppies have vertical patterns and rosettes on their bodies. Here are a few examples of different kinds of cobra guppies.

Green Cobra Guppy

The Green Cobra Guppy is one of the most popular color variations and tends to grow larger than other colors with a bold green, yellow, and black marbled tail. 

Green Cobra Guppy (Pair) | AquariumFishSale.com

Blue Cobra Guppy

Blue cobra guppy in a tank.

Red Cobra Guppy

Red cobra guppies feeding in a fish tank.

Violet Cobra Guppy

Violet Cobra Guppy in a tank.

Black Cobra Guppy

Black Cobra Guppy.

Snakeskin Guppy

Snakeskin guppies have a vertical pattern over their body. The fish itself can be any color but the snake-like pattern remains no matter the color of the fish.

Yellow Metal Snakeskin

Tuxedo Guppy

Tuxedo Guppies have two shades (colors). The upper body is usually a lighter color while the back (second-half) of the body is a darker color. Think of a tuxedo. The white underneath up top and the black pants (bottom). Some tuxedo guppy look like that.

Tuxedo Red Koi Guppies

Leopard Tail Guppy

Leopard tail guppies are guppies that have spots on their caudal fin (tail fin) that resemble the spots of a leopard (a type of mammal – placental).

Leopard Tail Guppies in a tank.

Grass Tail Guppy

Grass tail guppies look similar to leopard tails but you can tell the difference by the tiny dots on the tail of the grass tail guppy which resemble grass seeds.

Grass Tail Guppies.

Lace Tail Guppy

Lace tail guppies have a web-like pattern on their tails. Most snakeskin guppies are also lace tail guppies as well.

Black-Green Lace Tail Guppies

Mosaic Tail Guppy

Mosaic tail guppies have irregular patterns on their tails. Several patterns intertwine and connect to each other to form a unique pattern much like a mosaic.

Platinum Red (colours) Mosaic (pattern) Half Moon (tail shape) Half-Thumb Dorsal (dorsal fin shape) DUMBO/Big Ear (supersized pectoral fin)

Fantail Guppy

Fantail guppies are known as fancy tail guppies get their name because their tails are shaped like fans.

Delta/Triangle Tail Guppy

Triangle tail guppies have a tail that’s shaped like a triangle. When the tail fully extends it can reach an angle up to 70 degrees.

Sunburst Snakeskin Delta (Triangle Tail)

Veil Tail Guppy

Veil tail guppies tails are shaped like an isosceles triangle. This means that the tail spans up to a 45-degree angle.

Veil Tail Guppy in a tank.

Flag Tail Guppy

Flagtail guppies have rectangle shaped bodies and tails that resemble a flag when they swim.

White Flag tail Guppies in a tank.

Lyretail Guppy

Lyretail guppies have tails that are a mix between swordtail and delta tail guppies. Though the tail may look like two separate swords they actually connect if you look closely.

Lyre tail Guppies swimming in a tank.

Fire Tail Guppy

At the edge of the fire tail guppy’s tail is a reddish color. This is where it gets its name from.

Fire Tail Dumbo Guppies.

Pin/Needle Tail Guppy

Pintail or needle tail guppies have tails where both of their dorsal and caudal fins have a sharp needle tip-like.

Pin Tail Guppies.

Spear Tail Guppy

These types of guppies have tails that are shaped like the tip of a spear, hence the name.

Tuxedo Spear Tail Metallic Guppy
Tuxedo Spear Tail Metallic Guppy

Swordtail Guppy

One of the most unique types of guppy fish is the swordtail guppy. These fish have long pointed tails that look like a sword. They are often times liked to swordfish.

Round Tail Guppy

These type of guppy have a rounded tail shape.

Round Tail Guppy.

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