Frogs and toads belong to the same class of animals, amphibians. Just like there are different types of toads, there are also many types of frogs. There are roughly 4,740 species of frogs around the world today.
Types of Frogs
Poison Dart Frog
This species of frog is one of the most toxic animals on the planet. Some poison dart frogs are colorful and attractive but they hold enough poison to kill 20000 mice!
Most poison dart frog species are active during the day which is uncommon in frogs and toads as they prefer hunting in the night.
These types of frogs are usually Hylidae and there are several lower classifications of the species. For example,
Holarctic tree frogs
The Arizona (mountain) treefrog is one of only two kinds, or species, of tree frogs found in Arizona. It’s a member of the Hyla genus which many other frog species.
Red-eyed tree frog
The red-eyed tree frog has bright red eyes, bright green body with yellow and blue striped sides.
Australian green tree frog
Despite the green in its name, the common name of the species is “White’s tree frog“. It’s one of the most popular pets in Australia.
These frog types are classified as Rana. These frogs, like other frogs, eat butterflies, earthworms, and other invertebrates. However, they’ve also been known to eat small vertebrates and anything that can fit in their mouth. Some of the most common species of pond frogs are,
Moor frogs are a slender, reddish/brown colored frogs that grow up to 2.8 inches in length. Some of them can also be yellow, gray, or light olive.
Northern leopard frog
These kinds of frogs hibernate on pond or lake bottoms or under stones in springs, streams, or rivers. Leopard frogs get their name because they have markings similar to that of a leopard (a type of mammal).
South American Horned Frogs
These types of frogs are also known as Pacman frogs (video game character) due to their distinctive round shape, their large mouth, and insatiable appetite. The South American horned frog can be found throughout South America.
Argentine horned frog
The Argentine horned frog is also known as the Argentine wide-mouthed frog or the ornate pacman frog.
Cranwell’s horned frog
These frogs try to fit anything in their mouths including other frogs. Cranwell’s horned frog is also called the Chacoan horned frog and it is a terrestrial frog.
Surinam horned frog
The Surinam horned frog is also known as the Amazonian horned frog, and it is a big frog that grows up to 8 inches.
Brazilian horned frog
These types of frogs are native to Brazil. The Brazilian horned frog prefers to live in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, and ponds.
Venezuelan horned frog
These kinds of frogs are known as the Colombian horned frog or Venezuelan horned frog because they inhabit both of these countries’ dry lowland grassland and intermittent freshwater marshes.
Glass frogs live in humid montane forests throughout Central and South America including Belize, Costa Rica, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Panama.
These types of frogs are usually lime green in color however the abdominal skin of some of them are transparent. They are generally small, ranging from 1.2 to 3.0 inches in length.
Ghost frogs are medium-sized frogs that typically grow up to 2.4 inches in length. These species of frogs live in swift-moving mountain streams in South Africa.
Bornean flat-headed frog
These frog species do not have lungs. Hence, the Bornean flat-headed frog breathes through its skin and thus needs water with a high oxygen content to survive.
Darwin’s frogs have somewhat smooth skin that is normally colored brown to green on the back, and a blend of black and white on the underside.
Darwin’s frog exhibits a unique form of parental care. After mating the female lays several large eggs on the moist ground. The male will then remain near the eggs until they are nearly ready to hatch. Muscle contractions in the young larvae stimulate the father to swallow the eggs. The eggs slide into his vocal sac where they will remain for about two months until they metamorphose and are expelled through the father’s mouth as complete little frogs.Busse, 2003; Crump, 2002
Tomato frogs employ an “ambush” tactic to hunt for food. They sit in a particular spot and eat insects that cross their path. When a tomato frog feels threatened it inflates its body in an attempt to scare off predators.