Types of Frogs – Explanation + Visual Guide

Frogs and toads belong to the same class of animals, amphibians. Just like there are different types of toads, there are also many types of frogs. There are roughly 4,740 species of frogs around the world today.

Types of Frogs

Poison Dart Frog

poison dart frog

This species of frog is one of the most toxic animals on the planet. Some poison dart frogs are colorful and attractive but they hold enough poison to kill 20000 mice!

Most poison dart frog species are active during the day which is uncommon in frogs and toads as they prefer hunting in the night.

Tree Frogs

These types of frogs are usually Hylidae and there are several lower classifications of the species. For example,

Holarctic tree frogs

green tree frog

The Arizona (mountain) treefrog is one of only two kinds, or species, of tree frogs found in Arizona. It’s a member of the Hyla genus which many other frog species.

Red-eyed tree frog

types of frogs, red eyed tree frog

The red-eyed tree frog has bright red eyes, bright green body with yellow and blue striped sides.

Australian green tree frog

Australian green tree frog

Despite the green in its name, the common name of the species is “White’s tree frog“. It’s one of the most popular pets in Australia.

Pond Frogs

These frog types are classified as Rana. These frogs, like other frogs, eat butterflies, earthworms, and other invertebrates. However, they’ve also been known to eat small vertebrates and anything that can fit in their mouth. Some of the most common species of pond frogs are,

Common frog

common frog

Common frogs usually inhabit meadows, gardens, and woodlands. They prefer lushly vegetated types of terrain where there’s a pond or other body of water.

Marsh frog

marsh frog

Marsh frogs are the largest species of frog native to Europe and are found in deep ponds, lakes, rivers and around streams.

Moor frog

Moor frog

Moor frogs are a slender, reddish/brown colored frogs that grow up to 2.8 inches in length. Some of them can also be yellow, gray, or light olive.

Northern leopard frog

Northern leopard frog

These kinds of frogs hibernate on pond or lake bottoms or under stones in springs, streams, or rivers. Leopard frogs get their name because they have markings similar to that of a leopard (a type of mammal).

Pool frog

pool frog

These types of frogs have a pointed head as well as the two lightly colored “racing” stripes running down the side of their back. Pool frogs are protected under Britan’s Biodiversity Action Plan

South American Horned Frogs

These types of frogs are also known as Pacman frogs (video game character) due to their distinctive round shape, their large mouth, and insatiable appetite. The South American horned frog can be found throughout South America.

Argentine horned frog

Argentine horned frog

The Argentine horned frog is also known as the Argentine wide-mouthed frog or the ornate pacman frog.

Cranwell’s horned frog

Cranwell's horned frog

These frogs try to fit anything in their mouths including other frogs. Cranwell’s horned frog is also called the Chacoan horned frog and it is a terrestrial frog.

Surinam horned frog

Surinam horned frog

The Surinam horned frog is also known as the Amazonian horned frog, and it is a big frog that grows up to 8 inches.

Brazilian horned frog

Brazilian horned frog

These types of frogs are native to Brazil. The Brazilian horned frog prefers to live in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, and ponds.

Venezuelan horned frog

Venezuelan horned frog

These kinds of frogs are known as the Colombian horned frog or Venezuelan horned frog because they inhabit both of these countries’ dry lowland grassland and intermittent freshwater marshes.

Glass Frogs

glass frog

 Glass frogs live in humid montane forests throughout Central and South America including Belize, Costa Rica, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Panama.

These types of frogs are usually lime green in color however the abdominal skin of some of them are transparent.  They are generally small, ranging from 1.2 to 3.0 inches in length.

Ghost Frogs

ghost frog

Ghost frogs are medium-sized frogs that typically grow up to 2.4 inches in length. These species of frogs live in swift-moving mountain streams in South Africa.

Bornean flat-headed frog

Bornean flat-headed frog

These frog species do not have lungs. Hence, the Bornean flat-headed frog breathes through its skin and thus needs water with a high oxygen content to survive.

Darwin’s Frog

Darwin's Frog

Darwin’s frogs have somewhat smooth skin that is normally colored brown to green on the back, and a blend of black and white on the underside.

Darwin’s frog exhibits a unique form of parental care. After mating the female lays several large eggs on the moist ground. The male will then remain near the eggs until they are nearly ready to hatch. Muscle contractions in the young larvae stimulate the father to swallow the eggs. The eggs slide into his vocal sac where they will remain for about two months until they metamorphose and are expelled through the father’s mouth as complete little frogs.

Busse, 2003; Crump, 2002

Tomato Frogs

tomato frog

Tomato frogs employ an “ambush” tactic to hunt for food. They sit in a particular spot and eat insects that cross their path. When a tomato frog feels threatened it inflates its body in an attempt to scare off predators.

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