101 Different Types of Flowers – Explanation & Visual Guide

We can’t even start to list all flowers in one blog post. However, there are popular flowers so these are the different types of flowers in alphabetical order:


Aconitum is commonly known as Wolf’s bane. However, this flower has several other names. These include aconite, monkshood, wolfsbane, leopard’s bane, mousebane, women’s bane, devil’s helmet, queen of poisons, and blue rocket.

Aconitum. Also known as aconite, monkshood, wolfsbane, leopard's bane, mousebane, women's bane, devil's helmet, queen of poisons, and blue rocket.
Aconitum. Wolfsbane.

African Daisy

African Daisy -
African Daisy –


Other flower names include the Star of Bethlehem and Lily of the Nile.

Star of Bethlehem or Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus)
Star of Bethlehem or Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus)

Ageratum Houstonianum

These types of flowers also go by the names flossflower, bluemink, blueweed, pussy foot or Mexican paintbrush.

Ageratum houstonianum, flossflower, bluemink, blueweed, pussy foot or Mexican paintbrush.
Ageratum houstonianum, floss flower.


These types of flowers are also commonly known as lady’s mantles.

Lady's mantles, alchemilla flower.
Lady’s mantles, alchemilla flower.

Allium Roseum

Allium roseum, commonly called rosy garlic, is an edible, Old World species of wild garlic.

Allium Roseum, rosy garlic.
Allium Roseum


These kinds of flowers are also referred to as Peruvian lily or lily of the Incas.

Alstroemeria, Peruvian lily or lily of the Incas


Also known as the Sweet Alyssum.

Alyssum. (Sweet Alyssum)
Alyssum. (Sweet Alyssum)


More commonly known as the Prince’s Feather.

Prince's Feather, Amaranthus flower.
Prince’s Feather, Amaranthus flower.


These types of garden of flowers look similar to lilies and this particular type of flower is smaller than other varieties of amaryllis and has petals that are red and white.



Anemone is also called the ‘windflower’.

Anemone. (Windflower).
Anemone. (Windflower).


They are also known as Summer Snapdragon.



Many species of Anthurium can be grown as houseplants, or outdoors in mild climates in shady spots. These types of flowers are also called Laceleaf.


Antirrhinum Majus

Also known as the flamingo flower. But, in some regions, it goes by the name Snapdragon or dragon flowers.

Antirrhinum majus. (Snapdragon Flower).
Antirrhinum majus. (Snapdragon Flower).


These flower species are also known as Columbine or Granny’s Bonnet. Many columbines have gray-blue or blue-green foliage.

Columbine or Granny's Bonnet.

Asclepias Syriaca

These species of flowers are also commonly referred to as the common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed.

Common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed
Common milkweed.


Aster flowers are as food plants for many caterpillars. Moreso from the Lepidoptera species than any other.

Aster flower


Some of these flower’s subspecies go by the common names false goat’s beard and false spirea.



Also known as Masterworts.

Astrantia (Masterwort Plant)

Aubreita Deltoidea

Common names include lilac bush, purple rockcress, and rainbow rockcress. 

Aubreita deltoidea. (Also known as Aubretia). Violet, pink and white flowers.
Aubreita Deltoidea

Baby’s Breath

Also known as (Gypsophila).

Baby's Breath (Gypsophila)

Bachelor’s Button

Also known as Cornflower.

Bachelor's Button. (Cornflower).

Balloon Flower

Also known as Chinese bellflower or platycodon.

Balloon Flower. (Platycodon grandiflorus).

Bee Balm Flower

Other names include horsemint, oswego tea, and bergamot, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange. The Bee Balm Flower (Monarda). prefers moist but well-drained soils.

Bee Balm Flower. (Monarda).


Begonia. (Begoniaceae).


Bellflowers grow in a wide array of shapes that include the common upright, bell-shaped flower, the cup flower, bowl flower, tubular flower, and the star-shaped flower.

Bellflower. (Campanula).


Bergenia. (Saxifraga).

Black-Eyed Susan

Black-Eyed Susan. (Rudbeckia).

Blanket Flower

Full sun and very well-drained soil are musts for blanket flowers to thrive. They are native to North and South America.

Blanket Flower. (Gaillardia).

Blazing Star

The leaves of the blazing star are linear, alternate, and get smaller as they go up the stem.

Blazing Star. (Gayfeather).
Butterfly on Blazing Star. (Gayfeather). 

Bleeding Heart

The cultivar termed ‘Alba’ produces white flowers and is commonly known as white bleeding heart

Bleeding Heart. (Dicentra)


Bluebell. (Hyacinth Family).

Blue-Eyed Grass

Blue Star Flower. (Amsonia).

Blue Star Flower

Bouvardia. (Firecracker Plant).


Bouvardia ternifolia, the firecracker bush, is a shrub widespread across much of Mexico, the range extending south into Honduras and north into the southwestern United States. 

Bouvardia. (Firecracker Plant).


Buddleja davidii, also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. It is widely used as an ornamental plant. Butterfly bush is most vigorous in well-drained soil and full sun.

Buddleja. Butterfly Bush.

Bush Morning Glory

Ipomoea leptophylla, the bush morning glory, bush moonflower or manroot are all names that this flower goes by.

Bush Morning Glory. (Ipomea).


Buttercup. (Ranunculus).

Calendula officinalis

Also known as the pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold or Scotch marigold.

Calendula officinalis.

California Poppy

Golden Poppy (Eschscholtzia californica) is also sometimes known as the Flame Flower, la amapola, and Copa de Oro (cup of gold).

California Poppy. (Eschscholzia californica).

Calla Lily

White calla lilies tolerate partial shade, but they grow and bloom best in full sun and evenly moist soil. 

Calla Lily. (Arum Lily). Araceae.

Campanula latifolia

It is also known as the large campanula and the wide-leaved bellflower.

Campanula latifolia. (Giant Bellflower).


Iberis sempervirens, the evergreen candytuft or perennial candytuft, is a species of flowering native to southern Europe. They are great decorative flowers.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 1

Canna Lily

Canna Lily. (Zingiberales).

Cape Primrose

A popular house plant, Cape Primrose. (Streptocarpus), is an Afrotropical genus of flowering plant native to Afromontane biotopes from central, eastern and southern Africa, including Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.

Cape Primrose. (Streptocarpus).

Cardinal Flower

Cardinal flowers grow best in a location with morning sun and afternoon shade, except in cool areas where they need full sun.

Ruby-throated hummingbird on Cardinal Flower. (Lobelia cardinalis).


Colombia is the greatest producer of carnations in the world. It is also commonly known as the carnation or clove pink.

Carnation. (Dianthus caryophyllus).


Celosia. (Amaranth Family. Wool flower).


The flower heads occur in various forms and can be daisy-like or decorative, like pompons or buttons. They are also sometimes called mums or chrysanths.

Chrysanthemum. (Asteraceae).


Clarkia. (Farewell to Spring).


Clematis. (Ranunculus).


Clover. (Pea Family).
Butterfly on Clover. (Pea Family).


Cockscomb. (Celosia).  Amaranthaceae.


They are perennial plants that are found in meadows, woodlands, and at higher altitudes throughout the Northern Hemisphere, known for the spurred petals of their flowers. Many columbines have gray-blue or blue-green foliage

Columbine. (Aquilegia). Granny's Bonnet.


Coneflowers grow in the fields, meadows, dry woodlands, grasslands and prairies. They are found only in eastern and central North America.

Coneflower. Echinacea. (Asteraceae).

Coral Bells

Heuchera, also known as alumroot or coral bells, thrive in light shade. These plants are native to North America.

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coral bell


Common names include calliopsis and tickseed, a name shared with various other plants. Coreopsis can reach 16 to 47 inches in height and 15 to 18 inches in width.

Coreopsis. Asteraceae.
Scanned to Kodak CD from 35 mm original slide.


Cosmos.  (Asteraceae).


Cotoneaster. Milk Flower. Deer Resistant. (Rosaceae).

Cranesbill Geranium

Cranesbill Geranium. (Hardy Geranium, Rock Cranesbill).

Creeping Phlox

Creeping Phlox. (Phlox stolonifera).


Crocosmia. (Monbretia).


Crocus. (Iridaceae)

Crown Imperial

Crown Imperial. (Fritillaria).

Cuckoo Flower

Cuckoo Flower. (Cardamine pratensis).


Cyclamen. (Myrsinaceae).


Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants. Various common names including daffodil, daffadowndilly, narcissus, and jonquil are used to describe all or some members of the genus.

Daffodil. (Narcissus).


Dahlias belong to the Asteraceae (Aster) family along with daisies and sunflowers.

Dahlia. (Aster Family).


The name “daisy” is considered a corruption of “day’s eye” because the whole head closes at night and opens in the morning. 

Daisy. (Aster Family).


Daphne. (Daphne odora, Winter Daphne).

Day Lilly

Daylilies are available in a wide variety of sizes and colors. Gardening enthusiasts and professional horticulturalists have long bred daylily species for their attractive flowers

Day Lily. (Hemerocallis).


The different genus Consolida (an annual) is also commonly called ‘larkspur’.

Delphinium. (Larkspur). Ranunculus Family.

Desert Rose

Common names include Sabi star, kudu, mock azalea, impala lily, and desert rose. 

Desert Rose. (Dogbane).


Dianella is a flowering plant and they are commonly called flax lilies.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 2


Dianthus barbatus, sweet William, is a species of flowering plant in the carnation family, native to southern Europe and parts of Asia. It has become a popular ornamental garden plant.

Dianthus. (Pinks, Sweet William). Carnation Family.


Diascia. (Twin Spur).


Dichondra. Morning Glory Family. (Convolvulus).


Dietes. (Wild Iris). Iridaceae Family.

Dutch Iris

Dutch Iris. (Iris hollandica). Iridaceae Family.


Echinacea is a genus, or group of herbaceous flowering plants in the daisy family. The genus Echinacea has ten species, which are commonly called coneflowers. 

Echinacea. (Coneflower).


Echium. (Boraginaceae).

English Bluebell

Bees can ‘steal’ nectar from bluebells by biting a hole in the bottom of the bell, taking the nectar without pollinating the flower.

English Bluebell


101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 3


Erigeron glaucus is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name seaside fleabane, beach aster, or seaside daisy. 

Erigeron. (Seaside Daisy).


Eustoma, commonly known as lisianthus or prairie gentian, is native to warm regions of the southern United States, Mexico, Caribbean, and northern South America.

Eustoma. (Lisianthus).

Evening Primerose

Common names include evening primrose, suncups, and sundrops.

Evening Primrose. (Sun Cup, Sun Drop).

Everlasting Daisy

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 4

Euphorbia cyathophor

Euphorbia cyathophora. (Mexican Fire Plant, Summer Poinsettia).

Flannel Flower

The Flannel Flower, as with all native Australian plants, needs to be adaptable and enduring in order to survive.

Flannel Flower. (Actinotus helianthi). Australian Native.

Flax Flower

Flax Flower. (Linseed).

Floss Flower

Ageratum houstonianum, commonly known as flossflower, bluemink, blueweed, pussy foot or Mexican paintbrush, is a cool-season annual plant often grown as bedding in gardens.

Floss Flower

Forget Me Not

The forget me not flower got its name after a Greek word Myositis which actually meant mouse’s ear. 

Forget Me Not


Forsythia. (Golden Bells).


Used improperly, foxglove is deadly; it can make the heart stop or cause a person to suffocate. Yikes… be careful with this one.



Frangipanis won’t burn until the outdoor heat reaches extreme (over 500 degrees) temperatures.



Freesia. (Iris Family).

French Marigold

Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold is also known as the African marigold.

French Marigold. (Tagetes).


Fuchsia. (Lady's Ear Drop).


Gaillardia is also known as the blanket flower. Full sun and very well-drained soil are musts for blanket flowers to thrive.

Gaillardia. Blanket Flower.


Cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides), native to China, is the fragrant species sold by florists and grown as an ornamental.

Gardenia. (Jasminoides).


Geranium. (Cranesbill).


101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 5


At present, there are around forty documented species of gerberas around the world.



Gladiolus. (Iris Family).


Honey from goldenrods often is dark and strong because of the admixtures of other nectars

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 6

Grape Hyacinth

They are most commonly blue, urn-shaped flowers resembling bunches of grapes in the spring. 

Grape Hyacinth. (Muscari).


Gypsophila. (Baby's Breath).


The English common names heath and heather are shared by some closely related genera of similar appearance.

Heather. (Erica).


Hebe is also known as the ‘Showy Speedwell’ and it’s native to New Zealand. Although, you can find it in other parts of the world these days.

Hebe.  'Showy Speedwell'. (New Zealand Native).


Helenium or Sneezeweed is a member of the sunflower family.

Helenium. (Sneezeweed).


Heliotrope (Cherry Pie Plant) is a bushy, evergreen, short-lived shrub with dense clusters of bright purple flowers, notable for their intense, rather vanilla-like fragrance

Heliotrope. (Cherry Pie Plant).


Hellebores thrive best in rich, moist and well-drained soil. They are also known as the Winter Rose.

Hellebore. (Winter rose).


Hibiscus.  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. (Rose Mallow).


Alcea rosea, the common hollyhock, is an ornamental plant. Fun fact, fungus overwinters on the few green leaves remaining at the base of hollyhocks and perennial mallows, and may also survive within the crown of the plant. 

Hollyhock. (Alcea Rosea).


Lunaria annua, called honesty or annual honesty in English, is a species of flowering plant whose name means “moon-shaped” and refers to the shape and appearance of the seedpods.

Honesty. (Lunaria).


Honeysuckle. (Lonicera).


These plants are easy-to-grow and long-lived, Hostas (Plantain Lilies) are shade-loving perennials that are highly prized by gardeners for their elegance and attractive foliage.

Hosta. (Plantain Lily).


The common garden Hyacinth, Hyacinth Orientalis, originated in Anatolia and was brought to Europe in the 16th century.

Hyacinth. (Asparagus Family).


Hydrangea. (Hortensia).


The name “St. John’s Wort” refers to any member of the Hypericum family

Hypericum. (St. John's Wort).


Iberis sempervirens, the evergreen candytuft or perennial candytuft is often used as a decorative shrub because of the decorative flowers.

Iberis. (Candytuft).

Iceland Poppy

Iceland Poppy. (Papaver nudicaule).

Ice Plant

Ice Plant. (Delosperma).


Holly (also known as ilex) is dioecious (from the Greek for “two households”), meaning that each individual holly plant is either male or female. 

Ilex. (Holly).


Hybrids, typically derived from “Busy Lizzie” (the well-known I. walleriana) and the New Guinea Impatiens (I. hawkeri), have commercial importance as garden plants.

Impatiens. (Busy Lizzie).

Ipheion Uniflorum

Also known goes by the names Starflower, Spring Starflower. (Amaryllis Family).

Ipheion uniflorum. Starflower, Spring Starflower. (Amaryllis Family).

Ipomoea Alba

Ipomoea alba, sometimes called the tropical white morning-glory or moonflower or moon vine is a night-blooming morning glory.

Ipomoea alba. (Moonflower Vine).


Ipomoea. (Morning Glory).


Iris. (Iridaceae).


Ixia maculata is a species of flowering plant in the iris family known by the common name spotted African corn lily. It is native to the Cape Provinces of South Africa, but it is grown widely as an ornamental plant.

Ixia. (Corn Lily). Iris Family.


Ixora. (West Indian Jasmine).


Jaborosa (Nightshade) are all native to South America, where they are distributed from Peru to Patagonia. Most occur in the Andes. Most can be found in Argentina and ten are endemic to the country.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 7

Jacob’s Ladder

Also known as Jacob’s-ladder or Greek valerian, it is a hardy perennial flowering plant with cup-shaped, lavender-colored or white flowers.

Jacob's Ladder. (Polemonium).

Jamesia Americana

Cliff Jamesia (Jamesia americanaJamesia is a genus of just two surviving species of shrubby plants in the Hydrangea family (Hydrangeaceae) that is restricted to the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains from California, Utah, and southern Wyoming to northern Mexico.

Jamesia americana. (Hydrangea Family).


It is also known as summer jasmine, poet’s jasmine, white jasmine, true jasmine or jessamine, and is particularly valued by gardeners throughout the temperate world for the intense fragrance of its flowers in summer. It is also the National flower of Pakistan.

Jasmine. (Jasminum officinale).


Jonquil. (Narcissus).

Kaffir Lily

Beds of established clivia (kaffir lily, bush lily) can be given a granular fertilizer such as 3:1:5 or 2:3:2 and will benefit from a thick layer of organic mulch such as well-rotted compost, annually.

Kaffir Lily. (Clivia miniata).


Kalmia. (Heath).
Common name: Mountain Laurel Photographed in Turkey Creek Nature Preserve, Pinson, Alabama

Kangaroo Paw

The 6 cent stamp (illust) of the set of State floral emblem designs issued on 10 July 1968 also featured Red and Green Kangaroo Paw with the caption Kangaroo Paw. Not sure which of the many types of kangaroos it was fashioned after.

Kangaroo Paw. (Australian Native).

Knautia Macedonica

Knautia macedonica. (Macedonian scabious).


Kniphofia, also called tritoma, red hot poker, torch lily, knofflers or poker plant where about 70 species of Kniphofia occur in Africa and 47 of these are found in the eastern areas of South Africa.

Kniphofia. (Red Hot Poker Plant).


Kolkwitzia. (Beauty Bush). Caprifoliaceae Family.

Lady’s Slipper

Lady's Slipper. (Cypripedium).


Lantana camara.

Studies conducted in India have found that Lantana leaves can display antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties.

Lantana. (Shrub Verbena).


Lavatera adds a passionate tone to the garden with its flowers that resemble hibiscus or mini hollyhock blossoms. Lavatera showcases an abundance of flowers in jewel-tone hues. This easy-growing plant is great for large pots or the back of a border

Lavatera. (Mallow).


Lavender plants seem to thrive best in rocky or sandy soil. Lavender buds can amplify both sweet and savory flavors in dishes and are sometimes used to make marshmallows or scones.

Lavender. (Lavandula).


Lechenaultia linarioides, commonly named yellow leschenaultia, is a shrub found in Southwest Australia.



New Hampshire designated the purple lilac as the official state flower in 1919. 

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 8


A cool, permeable and well-drained soil is fundamental for the good growth of lilies. These flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers. 

Lily. (Lilium).

Lily of the Valley

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley) is a herbaceous perennial plant that forms extensive colonies by spreading underground stems called rhizomes.

Lily of the Valley. (Convallaria majalis).


Linaria. (Snapdragon Family).


101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 9


Lobelia. (Asthma Weed).


It is also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus.

Lotus. (Nelumbo nucifera).

Love in the Mist

Love in the Mist. (Nigella).


Lunaria. (Money Plant).


During the flowering period, the first-flight adult butterflies lay eggs on or near the lupine plants. Other names include Lupinus or lupine.

Lupin. (Lupinus).


Magnolias are associated with the life force and are often presented at births.

Magnolia. (Magnoliaceae).


Mallow. (Lavatera).

Maltese Cross

Maltese Cross. (Lychnis chalcedonica).


Mandevilla laxa, commonly known as Chilean jasmine, is an ornamental plant that grows as a vine and is deciduous in cool climates. It can grow to 6 meters tall. 

Mandevilla. (Chilean Jasmine).

Marguerite Daisy

It goes by the names Paris daisy, marguerite or marguerite daisy, and it is a perennial plant known for its flowers. The most popular species has white petals.

Marguerite Daisy. (Argyranthemum).


Marigold.  (Tagetes).


Matthiola. (Stock Flower).


Over a hundred travelers embarked on the voyage of the Mayflower in September 1620. 

Mayflower. (Trailing Arbutus).


Meconopsis. (Blue Himalayan Poppy).


Mimosa. (Mimosa pudica). Touch Me Not.

Mina Lobata

Ipomoea lobata, the fire vine, firecracker vine or Spanish flag is a species of flowering plant.

Mina lobata. (Spanish Flag).

Monk’s Hood

Monk's Hood. (Aconitum).


Moonflower. (Ipomea alba).

Morning Glory

Morning glory (also written as morning-glory) has flowers that unravel into full bloom in the early morning.

Morning Glory. (Ipomea purpurea).


Muscari. (Grape Hyacinth).


Several white flowers bloom at the top of each stem of the narcissus (paperwhites) and are strongly scented.

Narcissus. (Paper Whites).


Tropaeolum, commonly known as nasturtium or nasturtian have flowers and leaves that are edible and have a peppery taste, similar to that of watercress.

Nasturtiums. (Tropaeolum).


Nemesia. (Plantaginaceae Family).


Nemophila. (Baby Blue Eyes).


Nepeta. (Catmint).


These plants are associated with rocky and arid terrain. They produce globular umbels of lily-like flowers in shades from white through pink to crimson

Nerine.  (Amaryllis Family).


It is the most widely grown commercial non-food plant in the world.

Nicotiana. (Tobacco Plant).


Nierembergia, common name cupflower is named after the Spanish Jesuit and mystic Juan Eusebio Nieremberg.

Nierembergia. (Cup Flower).


Nigella. (Love in the Mist).


Nolana. (Chilean Bell Flower). Nightshade Family.
Nolana rostrata from near Vallenar.


Nymphea. (Water Lily).


Orchids occur in every habitat/terrain on the planet, except for Antarctica and true deserts.

Orchid. (Orchidaceae).

Oriental Lily

Lilium ‘Stargazer’ is a hybrid lily of the ‘Oriental group’. Oriental lilies are known for their fragrant perfume, blooming mid-to-late summer. Stargazers are easy to grow and do best in full sunlight. 

Oriental Lily. (Stargazer).

Oriental Poppy

Oriental Poppy. (Papaver).

Ornamental Onion

Wild onions have flat leaves while wild garlic has round leaves.

Ornamental Onion. (Allium).


Osteospermum. (Calendula Family, Cape Daisy).

Oyster Plant

It also goes by the names bear’s breeches, sea dock, bearsfoot, and it is considered to be an invasive species in some regions.

Oyster Plant. (Acanthus mollis).

Ox-Eye Daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare (Ox-eye Daisy, oxeye daisydog daisy) is generally cultivated and ready as a perennial flowering ornamental plant for gardens.

Ox Eye Daisy. (Leucanthemum vulgare).

Painted Daisy

Tanacetum coccineum, commonly called painted daisy or pyrethrum, is an upright, bushy perennial that typically grows 2-3′ tall. 

Painted Daisy. (Tanacetum coccineum).


The garden pansy flower is 2 to 3 in in diameter and has two slightly overlying upper petals, two side petals, and a single bottom petal with a slight beard emanating from the flower’s center. These petals are usually white or yellow, purplish, or blue.

Pansy. (Viola wittrockiana).

Passion Flower

Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines is a caterpillar host for the Gulf Fritillary, Variegated Fritillary, Julia Heliconian and Zebra Heliconian butterflies.

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Passiflora is also used for medicinal purposes such as to help with insomnia, anxiety, adjustment disorder, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and fibromyalgia.

Passion Flower. (Passiflora).

Peace Lily

Peace Lily. (Lilium).
calita or peace lily in the Guatusos refuge on the south border of Nicaragua Spathyphyllum (friedrichstalii) Araceae swampy terrain.


Pelargonium.  (Angel Eyes).


These are easy to grow in full sun and in fertile, well-drained soil, Rocky Mountain Penstemon can be direct-sown. They are also known as beardtongues.

Penstemon. (Beard Tongue).


Peony. (Paeoniaceae Family).

Persian Buttercup

Coveted by florists and gardeners, Ranunculus asiaticus (Persian Buttercups) is a tuberous-rooted plant that produces brilliantly colored flowers adorned with multiple layers of delicate, crepe paper-thin petals.

Persian Buttercup. (Ranunculus).

Peruvian Lily

Also known as the Lily of the Incas (Alstroemeria), the Peruvian Lily comes in a variety of colors that include orange, pink, rose, purple, red, yellow, white or salmon.

Peruvian Lily. (Alstroemeria).


Petunia. (Solanaceae). Nightshade Family.


Phlox.  (Jacob's Ladder). Polemoniaceae Family.

Quaker Ladies

Quaker Ladies (Houstonia caerulea) is a perennial species in the Rubiaceae family. It is native to eastern Canada and the eastern United States.

Quaker Ladies. (Houstonia).

Queen Anne’s Lace

In the late 1980s scientists began studying Queen Anne’s Lace and found that (in mice at least) it blocked the production of progesterone and inhibited fetal and ovarian growth.

Queen Anne's Lace. (Wild Carrot).

Queen’s Cup

Queen's Cup. (Clintonia).

Queen of the Meadow

It is also known as the meadowsweet or mead wort as well as the pride of the meadowmeadow-wortmeadow queenlady of the meadowdollofmeadsweet, and bridewort. It’s one of the many flowers that attract bees.

Queen of the Meadow. (Filipendula).


The flowering quince is a thorny, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub that has a somewhat messy growth habit but beautiful red, orange, white, or pink flowers, and shiny, dark green foliage.

flowering quince

Rain Lily

Rain Lily. (Zephyranthes). Amaryllis Family.


Ranunculus. (Persian Buttercup).

Rock Rose

It is also known as the Pink Rock-RoseHoary Rock-Rose or by its scientific name, the Cistus creticus or “Cistus incanus” the ltter of which it is not.

Rock Rose. (Cistus incanus).


Rondeletia. (Bedstraw Plant). Rubiaceae Family.


A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant or the name of the flower it bears. Roses can be erect shrubs, climbing, or trailing, with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. They have beautiful flowers which range in color from white through various tones of yellow and pink to dark crimson and maroon

Rose. (Rosaceae Family).

Rose of Sharon

The Rose of Sharon attracts hummingbirds and butterflies and is used in landscaping, from borders, hedges, and screens to single specimen plants. It’s not actually a member of the Rosaceae Family but a Hibiscus in the Mallow family.

Rose of Sharon. (Hibiscus syriacus).


Rudbeckia. (Black-Eyed Susan).

Salvia Splendens

This plant is also called the scarlet sage or tropical sage.

Salvia splendens. (Sage).


Other common names are common soapwort, bouncing-bet, crow soap, wild sweet William, and soapweed.

Saponaria. (Soapwort).


Scabiosa. (Pincushion Flower).


Sometimes called the fairy fan-flower or common fan-flower.

Scaevola. (Fan Flower).

Scented Geranium

Scented Geranium.  (Pelargonium).


Scilla. (Hyacinth Family).


Sedum occurs throughout the northern hemisphere, often in drier rocky terrain. It’s also known as stonecrop.

Sedum. (Stonecrops). Crassulaceae Family.

Shasta Daisy

Shasta daisies are characterized by a distinct odor that some find unpleasant.

Shasta Daisy. (Leucanthemum).


Silene. (Carnation Family).


Syringa. (Forsythia).


Another name for the marigold flower.

Tagetes. (Marigold).

Tea Rose

Tea Rose. (Gloire de Dijon).


Thunbergia alata, commonly called black-eyed Susan vine, is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant species.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 10

Tiger Flower

Common names include jockey’s cap lily, Mexican shellflower, peacock flower (said to resemble the colors of a peacock), tiger iris, and tiger flower.

Tiger Flower. (Tigridia).

Tiger Lily

Its showy orange-and-black flowers make it an attractive ornamental plant.

Tiger Lily. (Lilium tigrinum).


Other names include the tree marigold, Mexican tournesol, Mexican sunflower, Japanese sunflower or Nitobe chrysanthemum.

Tithonia. (Mexican Sunflower).


Trollius. (Globeflower). Ranunculus Family.

Trumpet Vine

The flowers are very attractive to hummingbirds (its also known as the hummingbird vine or cow itch vine), and many types of birds like to nest in the dense foliage. It also attracts bees and butterflies.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 11


The flowers are usually large, showy and brightly colored, generally red, pink, yellow, or white.

Tulip.  Tulipa. (Lily Family).

Urn Plant

It is often grown as a houseplant in temperate areas. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 12


Ursinia. (Daisy Family).

Uva Ursi

Other common names include kinnikinnick and pine mat manzanita, and it is one of several related species referred to as bearberry.

Uva Ursi. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. (Bear Berry).


Also known as the common vervain or common verbena.

Verbena. (Vervain).

Veronica Incana

Veronica incana. (Silver Speedwell).


Viburnum. (Adoxaceae Family).

Vinca Minor

Vinca Minor. (Periwinkle).

Viola wittrockiana

Another name for the garden pansy.

Viola wittrockiana. (Pansy). Violaceae Family.

Viola Tri-colour

Viola tricolor is also known as Johnny Jump up, heartsease, heart’s ease, heart’s delight, tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, come-and-cuddle-me, three faces in a hood, or love-in-idleness.

Viola tri-colour.  Heartsease, Johnny Jump Up.


Violet. (Violaceae Family).


101 Different Types of Flowers - Explanation & Visual Guide 13


Sparaxis tricolor, known by the common names wandflower, harlequin flower, and sparaxis, colorful flowers which are bi- or tri-colored with a golden center and a small ring of brown surrounded by another color.

Wandflower. (Spraxis).


Waterlily. (Nymphaea).


Native to South Africa, Watsonia species were introduced as garden ornamentals to Australia in the mid-19th century and were widely grown by the 1940s. 

Waterlily. (Nymphaea).

Wax Plant

It gets its name because of the waxy appearance of the flowers and leaves.

Wax Plant. (Hoya carnosa).


Wedelia. (Sunflower Family).


Weigela. (Caprifoliaceae Family).

Whirling Butterflies

Whirling Butterflies. (Gaura).

Wild Rose

Wild Rose. (Rosaceae Family).

Wild Violet

Other common names include common meadow violet, purple violet, the lesbian flower, woolly blue-violet, hooded violet, and wood violet. 

Wild Violet. (Viola sororia).

Woolly Violet

Woolly Violet. (Viola sororia).

Xanthoceras Sorbifolium

Xanthoceras sorbifolium. (Yellowhorn).


Xeranthemum. (Helichrysum bracteatum). Strawflower.


Xerophyllum. (Bear Grass. Indian Basket Grass).


Xylobium. (Orchid).


Xylosma.  (Salicaceae Family).

Xyris difformis

Xyris difformis


Yarrow. (Achillea).

Yellow Archangel

Yellow Archangel. (Aluminium Plant).

Yellow Bell

Yellow Bell. (Golden Trumpet).

Yellow-Eyed Grass

Yellow-Eyed Grass.  (Sisyrinchium californicum).


Zenobia. (Honeycup).


Zephyranthes. (Rain Lily).

Zinnia Elegans

Zinnia elegans. (Aster Family).

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