20 Different Types of Farm Equipment – Explanation + Visual Guide

Agricultural machinery doesn’t necessarily have to be a vehicle. Although, many of them are attached to a vehicle. There are my types of farm equipment and this includes, different types of tractors, attachments, implements, etc.

Types of Farm Equipment

Farm tools and equipment are used for a variety of purposes. For example, stone, rock, debris removal, planting of seeds, plowing land, etc. Here are the different kinds of agricultural machinery.

Tractor

This is the most popular type of farm equipment. There’s not a farm that doesn’t have a tractor. They are used for hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or even construction. As a matter of fact, many tractors double as a type of construction truck.

Combine Harvester

Combine Harvester

These types of farm machinery are able to combine three separate harvesting operations; reaping, threshing, and winnowing.

Mower

20 Different Types of Farm Equipment - Explanation + Visual Guide 1
Gas Hydrostatic Lawn Tractor

These can be manual mowers or a lawn tractor (pictured above). It’s simply a machine that cuts grass or other plants (like ivy) that grow on the ground.

Plow

plow or plough farm equipment

A plow is a farm implement used for initial cultivation. Its main purpose is to loosen or turn the soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting. 

Sprayer

A sprayer is a tool used to spray a liquid. Most sprayers are commonly used for projection of water, weed killers, crop performance materials, or pest maintenance chemicals.

Loader

20 Different Types of Farm Equipment - Explanation + Visual Guide 2

A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction and agriculture to move aside or load materials into or onto another type of machinery.

Baler

baler

A baler or hay baler is a piece of farm machinery that compresses cut and raked crop into compact bales that are easy to handle, transport, or store. 

Harrow

harrow

Another fundamental piece of agricultural machinery is a harrow. This is an implement for breaking up and smoothing out the surface of the soil.

Planter

planter (farm equipment)

A planter is a type of farm implement that is hauled behind a tractor. It sows seeds in rows throughout a field.

Cultivator

A cultivator is any of various types of farm implement used for secondary tillage. 

Cotton Picker

cotton picker (agricultural machinery).

Its all in the name. These types of farm equipment automate the task of picking cotton.

Manure Spreader

A manure spreader or muck spreader or honey wagon is an agricultural machine used to disperse manure over a field as a fertilizer.

Cultipacker

Cultipacker

A cultipacker is a kind of agricultural equipment that grinds dirt clods, removes air pockets, and presses down small stones, forming a smooth, firm seedbed. 

Threshing Machine

A threshing machine or a thresher is a type of farm equipment that separates grain, that is, it extracts the seeds from the stalks and husks. This is done by beating the plant to make the seeds fall out.

Transplanter

A transplanter is an agricultural machine used for transplanting seedlings to the field.

Rollers

roller (farm equipment)

A roller is a farming tool used for leveling land or breaking up huge clumps of soil, especially after plowing or disc harrowing. 

Bale Lifter

A bale lifter is a piece of farm equipment that transports hay or straw bales. These are tractor attachments and thus work when connected to a tractor.

Stone Picker

A stone picker is an implement to sieve through the top layer of soil to separate and collect rocks and soil debris from good topsoil. These are usually attached to a tractor.

Conditioner

mower/conditioner

A conditioner is a farm implement that crimps and crushes freshly cut hay to promote faster and more even drying.

Reaper

A reaper is a farm implement used to collect crops at harvest when they are ready for picking (usually cereal grain).

Destoner

A destoner is a machine that removes stones and clods from soil ridges and moves them to the furrow so that the ridges are free from stones. 

Potato Harvester

potato harvester

Its all in the name. These types of farm equipment are used to harvest potatoes.

Carrot Harvester

carrot harvester

A Carrot Harvester is an agricultural machine for harvesting carrots. 

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