The 3 Main Types of Aquarium Plants + Examples

Aquarium plants play a major role in your tank’s ecosystem. So, choosing the right aquarium plants is vital. Here are the different types of aquarium plants:

Foreground Plants

Foreground plants placed at the front of your aquarium. They are short and slow-growing plants. Many foreground plants grow outward instead of upward. Usually, they cover the bottom of the tank like a carpet. Hence, they are also called carpet plants.

Examples of foreground aquarium plants are:

  • Java Moss
  • Lilaeopsis
  • Dwarf Baby Tears

Mid-ground Plants

These types of aquarium plants are usually placed along the sides of the tank. Mid-ground plants are taller than foreground plants and generally take up less space.

Examples of mid-ground aquarium plants are:

  • Java Fern
  • Water Sprite
  • Radican Sword

Background Plants

Background plants occupy the back of your aquarium. These kinds of aquarium plants are typically larger than both foreground and mid-ground plants.

Examples of background aquarium plants are:

  • Amazon Sword
  • Hornwort
  • Red Rubin


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