There are many types of aquarium plants and they all need proper care to thrive and give benefits to your tank. Here’s how to choose aquarium plants for a fish tank:
Benefits of Live Plants
Live plants provide the following benefits for an aquarium:
- They convert carbon dioxide into oxygen for your fish.
- Live plants eliminate harmful chemical waste products like nitrates from the water column.
- Oxygen produced by live aquatic plants helps aerate the tank.
- Adds a natural look to the aquarium.
- They act as shelter and protection for fish.
- They break up sightlines. A benefit for territorial fish.
When you add live plants to your fish tank, you are improving the quality of the tank water and the health of your fish.
Types of Aquarium Plants
The three main types of aquarium plants are:
- Foreground plants
- Mid-ground plants
- Background plants
When choosing the right type of plant for your aquarium, you have to consider where in the tank you are going to place the plant. The size of the tank also influences the type and number of plants. For example, nano fish tanks need smaller plants.
Live plants need certain nutrients to flourish. Aquatic plants absorb some nutrients from the water column but most of the nutrition is absorbed through their roots – thus a proper substrate is needed.
The substrate is the stuff that lines the bottom of your tank. For example, sand, soil, or gravel. For planted tanks with rooted plants, the soil is best as sand and gravel provide no nutrients.
Other plants, for example floating aquarium plants, don’t necessarily depend on the substrate for nutrients. Instead, they get most of their nutrients via the water column.
Plants also need adequate light to thrive. They need light to carry out photosynthesis which converts carbon dioxide into energy for the plants.
Some aquatic plants do well with little light, others need moderate light, and then there are plants that need a lot of light to grow.
There are many different options for aquarium lighting but not all of them are ideal for live plants.
An LED aquarium light is a good investment for your fish tanks. You can also depend on natural light but be careful not to expose your aquarium to too much light as it can lead to increased algae growth. Although, if you have any of these algae-eating fish, shrimp, or snails, it might not be such a bad thing.
- Aquascaping Tips to Reduce Aggression in Fish – Rate My Fish Tank – https://www.ratemyfishtank.com/blog/aquascaping-tips-to-reduce-aggression-in-fish
- A Guide to Aquascaping and Choosing the Right Aquarium Plants – NT Labs – https://www.ntlabs.co.uk/knowledge-hub/a-guide-to-aquascaping-and-choosing-the-right-aquarium-plants/
- Make your aquarium a success: The right aquarium · The right plants · The right fish | Tropica – https://tropica.com/en
- Selecting Aquarium Plants – Aquarium Design and Types of Aquatic Plants – https://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/plants/SelectionandPlantingPlants.htm