How Long Do Guppies Live For?

The typical life span of a guppy fish depends on various factors. Usually, guppies live for 1-3 years. However, with proper care guppies can live for up to 5 years. The species, quality of food, water parameters, and health all have an important role in extending the lifespan of your guppy fish.

A male guppy and two female guppies up close.

Taking proper care of your guppy will ensure that it lives a long and healthy life. But, just how long do guppies live for and is there anything you can do to improve health and longevity?

Things To Consider

Generally speaking, as with all animals, feed them well, keep them clean and unstressed and your pet guppies will live longer. A disease-free guppy can live anywhere between 2 to 5 years. 

Guppies are also prolific breeders and fast growers so you need to monitor the tank environment vigilantly.

Male guppies mature in 7 weeks or less. Female guppies first bear offspring at 10–20 weeks of age, and they reproduce until 20–34 months of age. 


Population control is very important when it comes to your guppies’ health and overall life expectancy. Having too many guppies in a tank leads to stress and overcrowding.

There are many different types of guppies and fish in general. It will be wise to consider this when mixing and matching tropical fish. For example, don’t keep fast-moving Danios with slow-moving Dwarf Gourami in your freshwater aquarium tank.

Although, keeping betta or other large fish with your guppies can help with population control in the event that you have an influx of baby guppies. If you want to keep the young and raise them, its best to place them in their own tanks (adult guppies will also eat their young).

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Knowing what to feed your guppies, how to feed your guppies, and how often are all important things to consider. Guppies are omnivores and will live longer if their diet includes plant-based as well as live/frozen animal sources.

Include as much live/frozen food as necessary along with flakes or pellets, as food is such a big part of keeping your fish healthy. If you run out of a specific type of food guppies can eat goldfish food as well as betta food. However, do not make this the default. Tropical flakes, which you can get online, are good to keep on hand.


Make sure that your fish tank is large enough for the amount of fish that you plan to keep. Clean the tank water and controlling nitrates is also important.

Few water changes, too much food or buildup of debris & mulm in the tank leads to high nitrate. Placing natural aquatic plants in the aquarium can also help control the number of nitrates in the water.

Once you can effectively control these things your guppies will have a much better chance to live their full span. Most guppy’s lifespan is anywhere from 1 to 3 years, with 2 years being the average. It’s not uncommon for well-kept guppies to live to 3 years. The maximum life-span is 5 years.